2016年6月26日日曜日

中古 HDD の初期確認、3個目(2016年6月)

中古 HDD の初期確認。前回に続き、某ショップより3個目を入手しましたので、今回も備忘録です。

今回入手した中古 HDD も、前回と同じく Seagate Barracuda ES.2 1TB です。前回入手したものは S.M.A.R.T. エラーがある状態とのことで、かなり安い値段でしたが、今回の個体は、前回の値段+600円程度で入手できました。

まず、S.M.A.R.T. の確認です。
[root@hoge ~]# smartctl -A /dev/sdf
smartctl 5.43 2012-06-30 r3573 [x86_64-linux-2.6.32-642.1.1.el6.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-12 by Bruce Allen, http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   082   063   044    Pre-fail  Always       -       187036203
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   099   092   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   099   099   020    Old_age   Always       -       1247
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   093   093   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       150
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   061   053   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       343714111331
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   076   076   000    Old_age   Always       -       21800
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   037   020    Old_age   Always       -       125
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0032   100   100   099    Old_age   Always       -       0
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   096   096   000    Old_age   Always       -       4
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   092   000    Old_age   Always       -       472453611632
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   087   087   000    Old_age   Always       -       13
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   062   046   045    Old_age   Always       -       38 (Min/Max 34/39)
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   038   054   000    Old_age   Always       -       38 (0 15 0 0 0)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   043   026   000    Old_age   Always       -       187036203
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   170   000    Old_age   Always       -       119834
188 Command_Timeout がとんでもなく大きな値ですが、5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct が、1個目と2個目の半分ぐらいの値です。前回までの経験値からすると、十分に使えそうな感触です。
運用時間(9 Power_On_Hours)は、
[root@hoge ~]# echo "21800 / 24 / 365" | bc -l
2.48858447488584474885
2年半程度でした。なお、HDD のラベルに Date Code: 08385 とあり、2008年3月製造のようです。

次は hdparm -i の出力です。
[root@hoge ~]# hdparm -i /dev/sdf

/dev/sdf:

 Model=ST31000340NS, FwRev=SN06, SerialNo=5xxxxxxC
 Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs RotSpdTol>.5% }
 RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=4
 BuffType=unknown, BuffSize=unknown, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
 CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=1953525168
 IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
 PIO modes:  pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4 
 DMA modes:  mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 
 UDMA modes: udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 udma5 *udma6 
 AdvancedPM=no WriteCache=enabled
 Drive conforms to: unknown:  ATA/ATAPI-4,5,6,7

 * signifies the current active mode

ファームウェアのバージョンが、1個目は NA02、2個目が FSC9 でしたが、この3個目は SN06 でした。

次は、smartctl -a の出力です。
[root@hoge ~]# smartctl -a /dev/sdf
smartctl 5.43 2012-06-30 r3573 [x86_64-linux-2.6.32-642.1.1.el6.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-12 by Bruce Allen, http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda ES.2
Device Model:     ST31000340NS
Serial Number:    5xxxxxxC
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000c50 0yyyyyyy4
Firmware Version: SN06
User Capacity:    1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   8
ATA Standard is:  ATA-8-ACS revision 4
Local Time is:    Thu Jun 23 17:54:27 2016 JST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x82) Offline data collection activity
     was completed without error.
     Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
     without error or no self-test has ever 
     been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:   (  642) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:     (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
     Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
     Suspend Offline collection upon new
     command.
     Offline surface scan supported.
     Self-test supported.
     Conveyance Self-test supported.
     Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
     power-saving mode.
     Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
     General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:   (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:   ( 222) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:   (   2) minutes.
SCT capabilities:         (0x103d) SCT Status supported.
     SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
     SCT Feature Control supported.
     SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   082   063   044    Pre-fail  Always       -       187036203
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   099   092   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   099   099   020    Old_age   Always       -       1247
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   093   093   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       150
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   061   053   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       343714111331
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   076   076   000    Old_age   Always       -       21800
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   037   020    Old_age   Always       -       125
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0032   100   100   099    Old_age   Always       -       0
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   096   096   000    Old_age   Always       -       4
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   092   000    Old_age   Always       -       472453611632
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   087   087   000    Old_age   Always       -       13
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   062   046   045    Old_age   Always       -       38 (Min/Max 34/39)
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   038   054   000    Old_age   Always       -       38 (0 15 0 0 0)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   043   026   000    Old_age   Always       -       187036203
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   170   000    Old_age   Always       -       119834

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Extended offline    Completed without error       00%     21566         -
# 2  Short offline       Completed without error       00%         7         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.
エラーログは無く (No Errors Logged)、Extended offline テスト (hdparm -t long) を行っても、エラーは検出されませんでした。

次は、hdparm -I の出力です。
[root@hoge ~]# hdparm -I /dev/sdf

/dev/sdf:

ATA device, with non-removable media
 Model Number:       ST31000340NS                            
 Serial Number:      5xxxxxxC
 Firmware Revision:  SN06    
 Transport:          Serial
Standards:
 Used: unknown (minor revision code 0x0029) 
 Supported: 8 7 6 5 
 Likely used: 8
Configuration:
 Logical  max current
 cylinders 16383 16383
 heads  16 16
 sectors/track 63 63
 --
 CHS current addressable sectors:   16514064
 LBA    user addressable sectors:  268435455
 LBA48  user addressable sectors: 1953525168
 Logical/Physical Sector size:           512 bytes
 device size with M = 1024*1024:      953869 MBytes
 device size with M = 1000*1000:     1000204 MBytes (1000 GB)
 cache/buffer size  = unknown
 Nominal Media Rotation Rate: 7200
Capabilities:
 LBA, IORDY(can be disabled)
 Queue depth: 32
 Standby timer values: spec'd by Standard, no device specific minimum
 R/W multiple sector transfer: Max = 16 Current = 16
 Recommended acoustic management value: 254, current value: 0
 DMA: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 udma5 *udma6 
      Cycle time: min=120ns recommended=120ns
 PIO: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4 
      Cycle time: no flow control=120ns  IORDY flow control=120ns
Commands/features:
 Enabled Supported:
    * SMART feature set
      Security Mode feature set
    * Power Management feature set
    * Write cache
    * Look-ahead
    * Host Protected Area feature set
    * WRITE_BUFFER command
    * READ_BUFFER command
    * DOWNLOAD_MICROCODE
    * SET_MAX security extension
    * 48-bit Address feature set
    * Device Configuration Overlay feature set
    * Mandatory FLUSH_CACHE
    * FLUSH_CACHE_EXT
    * SMART error logging
    * SMART self-test
    * General Purpose Logging feature set
    * 64-bit World wide name
      Write-Read-Verify feature set
    * WRITE_UNCORRECTABLE_EXT command
    * {READ,WRITE}_DMA_EXT_GPL commands
    * Segmented DOWNLOAD_MICROCODE
    * Gen1 signaling speed (1.5Gb/s)
    * Gen2 signaling speed (3.0Gb/s)
    * Native Command Queueing (NCQ)
    * Phy event counters
    * Software settings preservation
    * SMART Command Transport (SCT) feature set
    * SCT Write Same (AC2)
    * SCT Error Recovery Control (AC3)
    * SCT Features Control (AC4)
    * SCT Data Tables (AC5)
      unknown 206[12] (vendor specific)
Security: 
 Master password revision code = 65534
  supported
 not enabled
 not locked
 not frozen
 not expired: security count
  supported: enhanced erase
 190min for SECURITY ERASE UNIT. 190min for ENHANCED SECURITY ERASE UNIT. 
Logical Unit WWN Device Identifier: 5000c500yyyyyyy4
 NAA  : 5
 IEEE OUI : 000c50
 Unique ID : 0yyyyyyy4
Checksum: correct

このあと、4台構成の RAIDZ に組み込みましたが、resilver と scrub でエラーが出ませんでしたので、十分に使えそうな感触です。

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